عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
In mainstream macroeconomics, money borrow by households, government and firms, consists the demand side of loan funds that have a reverse relation with interest rate. The supply side, are savers that the amount they provide, has a direct relation with the interest rate. Because of the prohibition of riba, Islam proposes another alternative. The main purpose of this article is the derivation of suggested pattern of borrowed funds’ market and factors that affect their supply and demand curves. The proposition of this research is that Islam has paid attention to this market and has presented solutions to increase its’ efficiency. With thematic content analysis of Quranic verses, we conclude that, in supply side of this pattern, through strengthening Muslim’s hereafter motives, they are appreciated to lend (Qard) and demand side is established by guaranteeing loan repayment through legal instruments like writing the Qard agreement, taking witness, taking collateral and making the government pay the Qard of miserable. The tasks of Islamic government in order to increase the possibility of the settlement of this market are controlling inflation, increasing the efficiency of legal and judicial system, moral training of people in order to increase their moral motives, recognizing their basic needs (for example marriage and job creation) and appreciating people to allocate some of their funds to basic needs of others.