عنوان مقاله [English]
Previllage Deposit (also known as: cooperative deposits, Vamkhvah deposits or rotational deposits) is the new generation of Qur'd al-Hassanah activities in the country that can, along with traditional models and the first generation of Qur'd al-Hassanah, improve access of low and average incomes groups to finance .
The main question of this research is that: "What are the operational models of privilege deposits within the framework of religious rules in the area of Qur'd al-Hassanah?" The article uses a descriptive method and content analysis to examine the hypothesis that "the privilege deposit is possible within the framework of the Imamiyah jurisprudence and the usury free banking operational law". The research findings show that using the capacity of sources of jurisprudence, two operational models, the "borrowing model" and "Wakalah-based model", could be used to execute privilege deposits. Both models are approved by the Imamie jurisprudence and can be used in the financial system of the country. However, the patterns are different in two ways: First, the privileges deposits in the borrowing model are not binding on the financial institution, and do not create legal rights for the client. However, in the Wakalah-based model, the privileges given to the financial institution are obligatory and give the right to customers. Secondly, in the borrowing model, the fee should be at least as much as the wage (expenses), but Wakalah-based model, a financial institution can, under the supervision of the supervisory authority (central bank), determine it less or more than the cost.