عنوان مقاله [English]
In the system of capitalism, firms based on e utilitarianism ethics maximize the profits. But in the Islamic economic system and based on its own ontological and ethical foundations, need is considered as the most important ethics criterion for productive activity.
The discussion of the category of need as a criterion of value is important in two main directions: one in terms of the ethics responsibility of the producer towards himself and the family who earns income to eliminate the personal and family needs of living conditions. Secondly, it is responsible for the social ethics that the producer has towards his fellow humans and society as consumers and demanders of the products. Accordingly, the structure of the paper is organized in two directions.
In this article, the most important features of the value of the need in the Islamic economic system are the emphasis on the real need and emphasis on addressing the macroeconomic needs of society such as security, justice and economic development, which the producer must ethically choose in the direction of the production of goods and services and must be committed to them.