عنوان مقاله [English]
A different definition of ownership affects the structure of the ownership system and the rights that each person has, and affects the owner's relationship with the owned object and the owner's relationship with others. Also, any economic theory based on the related property system is formed and flourishes. Therefore, for the formation of the Islamic economic system, it is necessary to establish the Islamic property system first.
In this article, we proceeded based on the library method and in an analytical-descriptive way. First, property rights as one of the basic institutions from the point of view of institutional economists and different approaches to it are examined. "Bundle of rights" is one of these; This approach breaks the right of ownership into smaller rights and therefore can create high flexibility in the ownership system in such a way that it transforms the property from a physical object to an economic asset. It can also lead to a reduction in transaction costs, which will increase economic efficiency based on Coase's theorem. In the following, due to the fact that revelation and the divine word have dealt with the main issues of human life, by referring to Al-Mizan's interpretation, property rights were examined from the perspective of related verses in the Qur'an. In the following, taking into account that revelation and the divine word have dealt with the main issues of human life, we examined property rights from the perspective of related verses in the Qur'an by referring to Al-Mizan's exegesis.
The view of the Qur'an and Islamic teachings in this field is close to the approach of "Bundle of rights" and in fact ownership does not mean unquestionable control over the object and people’s ownership is contractual not real, and divine commands determine and limit the rights of each person. Accordingly, various rights of the owner have been mentioned in the related verses, and according to the conditions, restrictions and prohibitions have been imposed for some of these rights.