نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 گروه آموزشی اقتصاد، دانشکده اقتصاد، مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تبریز، تبریز، ایران
2 گروه آموزشی اقتصاد، دانشکده اقتصاد، حسابداری و مدیریت، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تبریز، تبریز، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Today, the level of information and knowledge participation in economic processes has increased so much that it has led to fundamental structural changes in the way organizations are organized and function in the fair distribution of their income, which in an Islamic society provides the ground for the realization of the lofty goals of the religion of Islam and Islamic justice. Therefore, considering the importance of applying knowledge in improving income inequality, the main purpose of this article is to investigate the impact of information and communication technology variables and government educational costs as components of knowledge based economy on income inequality in Iran. Accordingly, the short-term and long-run relationships between existing variables will be estimated and analyzed from the statistical data of the period )1980-2017) and the ARDL model. Research findings show that government education, information and communication technology spending has a significant and negative impact on income inequality in Iran. Due to the error-correction variable (ECM), the dependent variable will return to equilibrium if it leaves the equilibrium within one and a half periods. According to the model results, strengthening the components of knowledge-based economy in Iran is effective in reducing income inequality.